“What difficulty can be there in painting the walls? You just take a brush and roller and go on. And who reads such articles at all? ” This is the way most beginners of repair cases think and often skeptical of such “basic” information. that`s a pity, because with no experience and knowledge to paint a wall using latex or oil paint without sagging or wallpaper wasting, even in the first time at the top of it… what are we talking about, it is almost impossible. That’s where our wall painting step by step instruction can come in handy to people who want economize their renovation expenditures or to make something new with their hands and to have the reson to be proud of themselves. Do not ignore the advice, because knowledge is power. In our case also saving money, time and nerves power. First, let’s find out what common kinds of paints in are there on the market and what kind of them will suit your surface better.
Paint for walls and its types
Every year more and more people trim their apartments with the help of paints. This is due to the fact that its variety of choice satisfies even the most demanding and discerning buyer. You should also pay attention to the fact that the painting of the walls is probably one of the cheapest ways to change the interior. It does not require much time and effort, and, most importantly, allows you to quickly change the color and texture solution in any room. Modern paints allows you to keep the premises in a clean and hygienic freshness, produce wet cleaning by painted surfaces. The color scheme has a variety of hues and tones. Variety of textural content can also please the demanding customers. There are a number of coatings, which can be applied to the wallpaper thanks to its properties thus creating an unforgettable mix of styles and genres.
In today’s world paints manufacturers have come up with many of their types, that allows anyone to make a memorable interior. Paints divide for interior and exterior work. Furthermore, they can also be classified according to the film forming substance:
- oil paints (made on the basis of drying oils);
- enamel paints (paints are made on the basis of);
- distempers (produced by aqueous solutions of certain organic polymers);
- water-based paints (made from aqueous polymer dispersions).
Let us consider each paint type separately.
More recently, the oil paint was the most in rage of painting materials. The whole reason was the lack of alternatives. It was applied to everything: floors, windows, doors, walls. After fruitful work it was necessary to wait a long time until the surface is dry. And then, a few years later, the painting process had to be repeated again. All because of bad air throughput. If to put it simple, the painted surface is not breathing and does not allow air to pass. That eventually leads to cracking and shattering of the material.
Increasingly, this paint is applied in painting of metal surfaces. It is now hardly possible to meet in everyday life, as it has a specific persistent odor, which can harm human health. In addition, people increasingly favored more environmentally friendly materials when repairing the internal surfaces of in recent years, but oil paints do not lose their popularity either. They are made on the basis of artificial and natural boiled linseed oil. It is considered to be one of the most durable paints and varnishes. There dough and ready to spray. Dough type bred in the necessary proportions before applying. Linseed oil, part of its structure, can be sunflower, flax and hemp. The first one provides faster drying over subsequent. In accordance with standards manufacturers produce the following brands of oil paint:
- Based on natural drying oil.
- to the combined drying oil.
- glyptal drying oil.
- Based on pentaphthalic drying oil.
Enamel paints are varnish based type. They can be presented with alkyd enamels, nitroenamels, polyurethane, PVC, melamine and other paints. They are available in special containers and are ready for use after opening. Drying during the day. Stored and is suitable for use throughout the year after production. Suitable for painting walls, metal and other surfaces. Bred with special solutions. To achieve the best effect of painting the surface must have a roughness that will provide the greatest area of contact with the paint components.
The main component of the adhesive paint is glue. Moreover, it is composed of aqueous solutions of cellulose ethers, starch, polyvinyl spirit, casein. It is usually three tanks need to prepare it for applying. The first of them is intended for chalk. It is placed in, and poured with hot water. The chalk to water ratio should be 2 to 1. Keep aside the solution for about two hours. The dye is placed to the second container. It’s bred to dough density in the same way and kneaded until smooth. In the last tank we should prepare adhesive water in the rate of 0.6 kg. of glue per bucket of water. The resulting mixture of the first and second containers are mixed together. Then we test the density of the resulting material. We need a stick with a pre-treated surface for this. It is placed in the resulting mixture. If it is painted uniformly and without unpainted intervals, it is considered that the paint color has a normal thickness. In that case of color is a little bit watery, we can add chalk and stain. If it is too thick, add a little of water.
The resulting color is applied to the wall, plywood or other flat surface to check the color of the resulting mass. Allow it dry and after it proceed to paint the main wall.
The final step is mixing of resulting caramel with the adhesive component. If the glue would be too dense, there is a risk of paint shedding in the near future. Otherwise colors of paint modification under the influence of external environmental conditions is possible. Therefore, the qualitative reaction to the proper alignment of components is first paint thickening or dilution after it. Moreover, it should drain by brush or stick with jets. It is strictly forbidden to dry the painted surface in a draft.
Water based paints
In water-based paints water is the main element, while it dilutes and does not dissolve the components that are mixed. Once applied to the painted surface, the water evaporates. It is suitable for painting most of surfaces except metal as it can cause premature corrosion. Peeling process is not typical for this type of paints. Dries fast. It does not cause allergic reactions, is harmless to humans and animals. Not causing environmental damage. No caustic, pervasive everywhere odor everywhere. It has a diverse range of colors thanks to the coloring pigments. Their blending creates a different color gamut and saturation. Thanks to this, you can create varied and contrasting interior of any room. Typically, paint are represented on the market in the standard white. With its purchase of a shop consultant will help you choose the right color gamma with the help of ready-made drafts to paint. The process of applying it on the wall does not require a lot of effort and time, and used tool is easy to clean with water. But along with all its pros, it has one significant disadvantage. If can applied to the painted surface only when the air temperature is higher than 5 Celsius degrees or 40 F. Otherwise, the desired effect would not be achieved and you’ll have to redo the work from the very beginning.
Before painting the wall…
The space is necessarily prepared before painting in order to avoid staining of not subjected objects and surfaces. To achieve this, follow these steps:
- furniture and appliances. Take it all out. If you are having difficulties with its movement or transportation, move it to the center of the room and cover with a film;
- If the transportation or transfer is possible, roll and carry it to another room; In the absence of such a possibility it should be covered with film;
- laminate flooring would be covered with film or newspapers;
- remove all the extraneous things from the walls, including lighting and decorative elements;
- remove all panels and switches;
- all the places not to be stained are taped with masking tape.
Impeccable view of the walls depends on the rigor and thoroughness of the done spadework. Otherwise you will have to redo everything again. That’s why the walls preparation is given special attention.
Decorative paint does not require careful surface preparation. And to use it would be the easiest way. It belongs to the modern types of paint. It is suitable for walls that are in poor condition. Before painting, make sure the surface is dry, clean and has good bearing capacity. Also make sure that the painted surface has no cracks, cavities and other irregularities that will lead to crumbling or flaking the underlying layer. Let us consider it in more detail.
Walls can be divided into two types:
- new walls.
- the walls in the old building.
The first case is the most profitable. Since the bulk of the concerns have been already done. It will be necessary only to apply putty, and then clean the treated surface with sandpaper. This is followed by washing of the walls with a damp cloth and allow them to dry. In the end of the work we should prime the surface, in accordance with the functional characteristics of the room.
The second approach is applied to barely new premises. The first step is to remove all remains of the previous interior from the walls. Then wash the working surface well, as the painting would reveal all the flaws, including small cracks. If the formed surface has irregularities, it is necessary to remove them. Ideal flat and smooth surface is always pleasing to the eye. Otherwise, when there is no desire to engage in the alignment of walls, the decorative structure paint will fit. It can act as an alternative to decorative plaster.
The walls are made of bast fibers, gypsum panels and gypsum plaster must be primed in advance by a swab and a flat brush. Otherwise, the surface will absorb too much paint increasing our expenditures. The metal surface and other places that have a weakness for corrosion are best to cover with the insulating paint. The important point! -> the room must be free of drafts while working in, and the temperature should not fall below 18 C (65 F) degrees.
If the surface has been painted once, the remnants of the old material must be removed. First we need to determine the type of paint that painted walls. If you rub the painted surface, the alkyd or oil shall fall off, and water-dispersion one remains. Use putty knife, sandpaper and metal brush to remove the paint.
If the wall surface was papered with wallpaper previously, its remnants is removed with a spatula. If they still will not fade off, use water to remove the wallpaper from the wall.
When not enough flat working surface we recommend using gypsum plaster. It is well applied, suitable for use by both professionals and novice masters. The surface should be leveled with appropriate putty after it.
In case of substantial wall defects, there are several methods for their alignment. The first is a plasterboard paneling. This option is perfect for the most severe cases, because it does not only simplify the process of work, but also save money. The second option is more traditional – plastering. This method is suitable for surfaces of “moderate curvature”. The paint has property to highlight any shortcomings and defects, so it’s necessary to carefully align the walls before painting. After the quality processed works on the preparation of the walls you should proceed directly to the process of painting the walls.
Wall painting step by step instruction
- First, you need to paint all the inner and outer corners, you need to begin work from the window side.
- Next, take a brush and paint the surface that you can not paint with roller (corners, skirting boards, radiators, etc.). By the way, the floor plinth is best to paint with enamel (lacquer) type, and radiator – with special heat-resistant type.
- For uniformly colored surface it is recommended to swipe a paint roller on a grid or board to remove excess paint.
- Then proceed to staining large surfaces. The best method is to use a roller. For best results we recommend to apply paint with translational motions from top to bottom, then from left to right and from top to bottom again. That’s the technique of painting the walls.
Actually, painting the walls with your own hands is a simple task and it can handle even the most inexperienced person. But each type of paint has its own unique characteristics, strengths and weaknesses. We have tried to acquaint you with all the nuances of this seemingly simple task.