Patchwork is the technique of sewing from shreds of cloth, characteristic of peoples of different countries. Original mats, pillows, blankets of variegated scraps have long been used in rural interiors and country stylistics. However, this original sewing appeared long before Middle Ages, when luxurious products from pieces of cloth adorned the traditional interiors of Japanese houses. The technique of Japanese patchwork is different only in its traditional oriental accent, and the sewing principle remains the same.
Characteristic Features of the Japanese Style
Initially, the main idea of patchwork was the rational use of fabric, which was then of high value and cost. Subsequently, simple and lovely products became so popular among the people that eminent designers began to pay attention to this kind of sewing. Some of them even produced fabrics with imitation of sewn up shreds.
Many experts argue that the patchwork technique originated in England, and not in Japan. However, from this Asian style trend has not become less interesting, because it reflects all the traditions and characteristics of the Land of the Rising Sun. These include:
- availability of Japanese Sashiko embroidery techniques;
- use of silk for the main fabric;
- decoration of the product with fringe, brushes;
- the predominance of plant patterns, geometric patterns and landscapes;
- using of strings of contrasting color for stitching that stands out on the main background.
The popularity of patchwork in Japan was associated with a ban on the import of textiles from China, which served to develop its own textile industry. At first, clothing for monks was produced from pieces of cloth, which could always be updated during wear, carefully sewing on patches. After a while, such sewing grew into real art and national treasure.
Japanese Patchwork: Popular Techniques
Sashiko is the technique of creating characteristic seams in the form of dotted thin strokes.
Yosegire means “sewing pieces.” The combination of this technique with embroidering sashiko served as the basis for the birth of the Japanese patchwork.
Kinusaiga is the same patchwork, but without using a needle. This is a kind of mosaic made of pieces of cloth, laid out on a wooden board. First, a sketch of the picture is created on paper, and then a drawing is applied to the wooden base with paints. Then, rifling is made by its contour, in which specially dressed scraps are filled.
Japanese Patchwork for Beginners: Basic Rules and Advice
Undoubtedly, the most important patchwork rule is the knowledge of Eastern philosophy, based on harmony and tranquility. Active fidgets with irrepressible energy should not even begin to monotonous scrupulous work with the smallest details.
Patchwork is exclusively a hand-held technique, requiring good skills. Inexperienced rookies will have to practice first. Failure to observe intervals, stitches, bends or uneven stitches will significantly spoil the look of the product.
Before you get started, you need to learn the main rules for creating blocks, schemes and applications. In addition to the basic technique, it is necessary to master the seam “forward the needle”, the so-called “sashiko” stitches. The stitch is made in the form of a dotted line with the same spacing and even stitches.
Even in spite of the fact that the patchwork sewing technique initially presupposed the use of scraps of the remaining material, special materials will be needed to create a real Japanese patchwork. The main fabric here is silk, and the obligatory condition for quality work is the use of identical in density and thickness pieces of cloth. Therefore, before proceeding to such creativity, it is worthwhile to acquire the necessary materials for the desired result.
Tip: to master this technique it is better to practice on the assembly of the simplest block. After all, if a little material is spoiled, such a bad experience is easier to take. In any case, the same rectangular scraps of fabric, decorated with applique, will be useful in the future to create functional beautiful things.
Japanese patchwork: ideas for creating
Japanese patchwork is often found in homey interiors. Pillows, blankets, coverlets, potholders, tablecloths and other textiles give the Eastern color to the room. In Japan such equipment is actively used in the manufacture of clothing and women’s accessories (beauticians, bags) to this day. And the cost of products is considerable, since handwork is always distinguished by its uniqueness.
Japanese patchwork: a master class for making a cosmetic bag
For beginners, the creation of a small cosmetic bag is fine. To do this, you will need the following materials:
- cuts of different tissues. They need to be washed and ironed before proceeding to the cutting;
- thin polyester batting,
- non-woven fabric;
- any decorative elements (lace, mulina, buttons).
Let’s get to work:
- For the first experiment, draw a pattern. Next, cut the pieces, leaving the allowances about 5 cm on the seams.
- Sew the details and smooth them. Sew the back of the pattern to the rest.
- Cut out the polyester batting and the adhesive fleece over the finished parts. Fold them together and fix them with pins.
- Sew stitches and sew a zipper.
- Ornate the product with applications of other fabric, lace, buttons.
- The original cosmetic bag is ready.
Japanese patchwork bag and clutch fabrication scheme
Patchwork looks no less unique and stylish on women’s handbags.
Following this uncomplicated scheme, you can make a cute original clutch.
Japanese patchwork is undoubtedly an unusual technique and very interesting one, which allows you to create real masterpieces filled with special meaning from regular patches.