Venetian plaster gained its popularity back in the Renaissance. The material has a transparent appearance and is composed of a plurality of components based on limestone and marble flour. Venetian plaster in the hands of an experienced master resembles a work of art and is able to decorate any interior. Modern Venetian plaster has a transparent form and after the application with a special technique creates the effect of marble. Such shade is achieved due to the composition, which most often consists of water emulsions, hydrated lime and marble powder. This article will give you the most actual information regarding decorative venetian stucco: applying technique, interior photos.
Material gets on the shop’s shelves in the buckets or cans of 7-25 kg in the form of transparent thick mass. An important advantage of the material is the possibility of tinting in almost any color. By the way, the surface is more similar to marble and looks better when a few (2-3) of the same color shade are mixed together.
How to reach a depth and transparency of the substrate?
A similar effect is achieved by applying a special technique, whereby material is applied in small strokes from four to ten layers. For this purpose is used triangular spatula of forged stainless steel. Then the dried plaster coated with beeswax which has a special transparency and protects the decorative coating. Wax is a very important element, because even a masterpiece can be easily ruined by covering it, for example, a matte wax or conventional lacquer. Although today there is Venetian plaster already containing such material and does not require finishing treatments.
The advantages of Venetian plaster
- creating marble mosaic effect. This figure, combined with the rich color gamut able to bring the interior a truly kind masterpiece;
- water resistance is considered to be one of the main advantages of the material. The surface is easy to clean using detergents (water, soap solution), which do not contain solvent;
- the material is very durable, because the only guarantee is from 5 to 10 years;
- It has a high resistance to wear;
- is environmentally safe;
- It does not emit odor;
- dries quickly.
First of all, you must know that the working surface must be perfectly flat, clean and dry before coating. This is due to the fact that even the smallest defects will be visible through a thin layer of plaster.
- The work starts with applying prime or acrylic paint to the surface in multiple layers;
- After the primer has dried, you can proceed directly to application of the material.
- Working surface should be divided into sections of 0.5-1 m 2 and then perform the following steps:
- Apply brushstrokes (you can use even different colors);
- Flatten and smooth the surface;
- Polish the surface.
- Plaster should be applied the very carefully with a spatula, layer by layer. In addition, each layer must be dry and then it must be cleaned to eliminate defects.
- The first layer is basic and applied as a continuous layer on the surface. It is necessary to set the tone and level the surface.
- All subsequent layers are designed to create patterns, paintings and other effects. How to do it? It is necessary to draw short strokes with the help of a flexible steel trowel. After it the wall will look like leopard skin. Now it is necessary to impose another similar layer, then another and another. This is done until the “spotting” is barely noticeable and will appear more like a game of light and shadow.
- The result is necessary to fix the by finishing layer of wax. For this purpose may be used natural or synthetic wax. Here natural wax gives a glossy appearance to the surface, and the synthetic one – water resistance and matte finish. It would be appropriate to use in wet areas (bathroom, swimming pool, etc.). The varnish is better not to be used on the surface, it may become cloudy.
- Wait for 20 minutes after the last coat, and clean the surface in a circular motion with a soft cloth.
- As mentioned above, it is better to use different shades of one color when working. For example, the first, second and third layers should be different in tone to be slightly lighter or darker.
It is necessary to consider some nuances at work. Firstly, at the beginning and end of applying the brushstroke you should soften the pressure in the trowel (as when scraping). The layer thickness will vary of it. Secondly, the work is carried out from one side to another: when the part is completed – proceed to another. When beginning the leveling and polishing, it is necessary to engage a bit the borders of neighboring areas. When applying Venetian plaster practice plays a crucial role, it is best to have some practice in advance. The surface is completely dry in a week, but the room is suitable for housing within a day.