We are trying to respect and harmoniously combine personal and functional space in the interior of our apartment or house. Each of the interior zones has its purpose – to be a place for rest, work, reception, sleep, leisure. The dining zone has several purposes: a place for family meals, for reception of guests and relaxing. The main difficulties in the design and arrangement of the dining area are in the balance between the defining features of different types of zoning.
- Dining areas
- Organization of the dining area
- Top Styles
The first stage of creating a comfortable dining area is the allocation of space for its arrangement. There are well-tried options for placement:
Dining Area in the Kitchen
The standardized way of arranging the dining area has become so widespread solely because of the layout with a clear deficit of square meters. From the point of view of functionality and aesthetics, the dining and working area should separate a considerable space – from 1.5 meters. Designers resort to such a solution if it is not possible to take out the dining area or if the kitchen has an area of at least 17 square meters.
The location of the dining area in a small kitchen requires strict technical planning in order to avoid functional conflicts. The most commonly used island or peninsular placement of the dining area, which allows the most economical use of useful space. Corner dining areas achieve particular relevance, due to which space costs are reduced and the number of serving places increases.
A large kitchen, with an area of a full-fledged living room, allows you to have a dining area in any part of the room, dividing or connecting it to the working space using the interior.
Dining Area in the Living Room (Hall)
As a rule, the living room has a large area that allows you to select one of its parts to accommodate the dining area. Designers rarely use a combined design. Usually, they combine a dining area with a seating area. However, the similarity of the functions of both zones allows the use of “soft” division of space with the help of screens, shelves or fractional interior decoration.
The location of the dining area in the living room has its own requirements:
- The zone should not be close to the exit.
- The zone should not be located in the corner.
- The eating place should be logically separated from the rest of the space.
If the living room is adjacent to the kitchen, the best way to locate the dining area will be the boundary between the work area and the seating area.
Dining Area in a Separate Room
This is the easiest way of arrangement in design practice since the focus is solely on the aesthetic features of the room. The dining area is usually located in the center and has no special technical requirements.
If the room was originally intended for the dining room, then it has two exits – one to the kitchen and the second one to the hall/living room/corridor. Thinking through the layout of the apartment or house, with the allocation of a separate room for dining this technical parameter is necessarily taken into account.
Organization of the Dining Area
Regardless of the premises in which the dining area is located, the organization begins by highlighting the requirements and general ideas of comfort. It is important to take into account the possibilities of the space allocated for the dining area, as well as to make adjustments for individual preferences.
For a comfortable accommodation of one person at the table, a space of 0.7 meters in width is required. The table size for the dining area is calculated based on these parameters taking into account the placement of all family members at it.
Established standards for a family of four:
- Height – 0.8 m.
- Length – 1.2 m.
- Width – 0.8 m.
- Diameter (for round worktops) – 0.9 cm.
Table placement options can be arbitrary. However, the island type is the most convenient. A table that does not adjoin to walls or objects of furniture allows using the entire plane of the tabletop more efficiently. The distance from the wall is strictly normalized and should not be less than half a meter.
Folding tables are very convenient in operation and are used both for large spaces and for dining areas with quadrature up to 4 sq. m (45+ square feet). The main advantage of such tables can be a major drawback. When choosing a sliding table, it is important to take into account its parameters, both in assembled and disassembled condition.
Modern furniture trends suggest the use of moving structures for the rational use of existing square meters. Folding and turning tables perfectly complement the small dining area. The only thing worth paying attention to is the quality of moving parts.
For a separate dining area, not combined with the working area of the kitchen, it is not recommended to use the bar in the form of a table. This type of tabletop has a working purpose and can not serve as a full-fledged dining table. The bar counter is used as a combined work and dining table only if the room requires it.
There are variations in the location of the dining table combined with the bar, using the different level positions of the two tabletops. It is at the same time a convenient and practical option for placing a dining area for kitchens with an area of up to 8 sq.m (90 sq. feet).
The spacious dining area allows you to choose a table of arbitrary shape, based solely on the requirements of style. If the table is located in the center of the kitchen and is surrounded by a working area, then an oval tabletop would be a practical choice. A working area is a place of permanent operation. Thanks to the soft corners, you can not only increase the usable area, but also the decreased probability of injury.
The aesthetic rules of furnishing the premises offer to choose the shape of the table tops logically fit into the shape of the room. Round tables are suitable for rooms (or separated dining areas) that have a clear square or round shape. Oval and rectangular models of worktops are more applicable for rectangular and elongated spaces. Semicircular tables are universal in the matter of combination with the room, but they are not practical in everyday life: they occupy more space than any of the models and allow you to place a small number of people. Tables with a non-standard geometric shape (triangular, pentagonal, octagonal, etc.) imply the placement of one person on each side of the tabletop.
When choosing the shape of the table, it is important to take the logical principle of composition as a basis. In a room or separately settled zone, we should find a central point – a fulcrum. This can be either the actual center of the room, or an angle, a wall, or simply an arbitrary point on the square. A table is placed in the center since it is the central figure in the composition of the dining area. The following parts of the design: chairs, additional furniture and, in the end, walls, should logically complement the main, central figure.
Chairs or other types of furniture for seating are selected, first of all, in combination with a dining table. However, some tricks of the furnishing will make it more practical to use the space at the table. The size of the chair corresponds to the part of the table reserved for it. The larger the chair, the more part of the table it takes. If one of the goals is to place a certain number of people, then it is worth counting not only the area of the table but also the size of the chairs.
Benches and sofas are the best way to place a large number of people at the table, but they have drawbacks. First, the sofa is difficult to move away, which creates an inconvenience when people take their seats. Secondly, such furniture objects are not intended for a full-fledged dining area. Benches simplify the interior and make it more “rural”. Sofas modify the dining area giving it the appearance of a recreation area.
Stools, which are often used to furnish a kitchen, are very practical in the matter of placement. They can play the role of a chair – a separate seating area; as well as lined up will allow placing the same number of people as on the bench. But, stools occupy the last position in the rating of comfort and ease of use.
In whichever part of the room the dining area is located, it must have a personalized lighting system.
If the dining area shares a room with a working or recreation area, the lighting is thought out comprehensively. In the kitchen, the working area is illuminated separately from the dining area, where each of the zones has central lighting and, possibly, additional fixtures. Central lighting is single for the living room. The dining area is illuminated with additional lighting, located at the top of the wall or on the ceiling.
If the dining area is located in the studio room and requires logical separation from other areas, a “light curtain” is installed (a group of ceiling spotlights around the perimeter).
To emphasize the central part of the dining area (on the table), decorative lighting in the form of diffused warm light is installed. Thus, the effect of candles is achieved, making the zone as cozy and subtle as possible.
The choice of style always depends on personal preferences and abilities of the zone itself. The most unpredictable, fruitful and strange interior styles can be easily applied and adapted to the dining area. The list of the best design styles is made up of the most frequently used interiors:
Classic interior in monochrome. A smooth and fascinating game of halftones creates a soothing, light and aesthetically complete atmosphere. The materials and forms inherent in the classical style of the interior (Baroque, Empire, Rococo) emphasize the lightness and sophistication of the deeply designed color range.
How to make it:
- The use of antique plots of luxury, geometric lines. Textured wall cladding: wallpaper, plaster, stucco, suspended ceiling structures, and luxury flooring: parquet, ceramics.
- Color ranges are selected based on a single color. For gray, beige, white, peach, lemon and color ivory. Additional color shades are lined up in terms of creating a monochrome palette.
- Massive furniture from natural materials decorated with textiles and handicraft carving. It is important that the dining room has a strict geometric shape.
- Accessories and additions are selected individually: bronze candlesticks, plaster figurines, antique vases. Complement the interior mirrors in a gilded frame and paintings that define the XVII century.
Gothic interior in a lightweight plot, with a minimum number of accessories and a special emphasis on color schemes, creates a spectacular story of a medieval castle.
How to make?
- The main materials are wood and rough stone. Metal is used seriously for decoration. Massive ceiling beams, plain “cold” walls lined with raw materials with high texture. The floor is laid with dark hardwood parquet or ceramic tiles in the same color as the walls.
- The colors of the Gothic style are always cool: purple, gray-yellow, blue, green, complemented by gold and nickel silver accents.
- Furniture is close to the classical style, with sophisticated arched patterns and carvings. Tables should be on low massive legs and without a tablecloth.
- Accessories and additions have a distinctive style: large metal (nickel silver) lamps, paintings with mythical creatures, as well as the ikebanas of dried flowers.
Provence is one of the most successful interior styles for decoration of the dining area. Light and comfortable interior is filled with light, warm tones and not devoid of charm, thus creating an elegant entourage of the dining room.
How to make it:
- PVC, dyeing and liquid wallpaper are well suited for wall cladding in the dining area. Single-level ceiling construction, without steps, painted in the same tone with walls, and dark floor covering: geometric tiles with a worn effect or parquet creating the necessary contrast.
- The colors of the milky shade of beige tones: yellow, light green, lavender, and terracotta are used as the dominant basis. In addition, the color of ocher and natural dark wood will act as well compiment.
- Angular wooden furniture with wrought iron decorative elements. It should be open.
- In the decorative part of the interior accessories must have a handmade look. Favorite panels and paintings, embroidery on rough linen, wicker vases and fragrant dried herbs in them.
Arabic style is the most practical one as it combines all the historical and current trends of European style. The versatility of the style allows you to combine different shapes and color palettes, without departing from the initial plot.
How to make it:
- For the accent, typical of the Moroccan style, it is necessary to make a double wall cladding. The first layer is background, made of plaster or granular wallpaper; the second – decorative, arched and domed patterns, made with drawings or stucco. The ceiling is faced in one tone with the second layer of wall cladding. For covering the floor, you can use any natural material: ceramics, wood, stone.
- The color trends of the style are based on sunny shades: golden, yellow, red, orange, terracotta, yellow-brown. To create accents, you can complement the range of traditional colors of Morocco – purple, indigo and pink.
- Moroccan-style furniture has a little out of proportion. Understated tables on curved wide legs with a massive tabletop and geometric (round or square) chairs decorated with textiles. In rare cases, furniture can be decorated with forging.
- Accessories – glass and textiles. Bright murals, mosaic paintings, vases, mirrors and glass table lamps. Coarse textiles are used in any part of the decor, starting from the floor, ending with the ceiling. Also, in the form of additions may be wooden boxes and forged candlesticks.