Modern is a comprehensive concept for many branches of art, such as architecture and art direction, and subsequently design. Ideological and artistic movement that originated at the dawn of the last century, has taken far-reaching, covering almost all branches of art. At the moment of style, his name – “modern”, thoroughly consistent meaning of the word. “Modern” is something new, fashionable, the peak of modernity. Over time, however, concepts such as “Modern (Art Nouveau) interior” and “mod(-ern) interior” formed two different types of architectural design. Interior Art Nouveau is a direct correspondence to style of architectural and artistic images. Modern interior is the use of modern technologies and new requirements for interior design.
Interior Style: Modern (Art Nouveau)
Incarnation of the Art Nouveau style in the interior has three levels. The same applies to other grading style interior.
- Radical. Compliance with all, even the smallest, norms style interior.
- Scale-decorative. Created main line style through architectural elements.
- Surface-lite. Attention is paid only distinctive accent and color style interior.
Monumental style of the interior, such as minimalism or classic, easily recognizable even at first glance, because they have the basic features, later borrowed and combined in other styles of interior. Despite the fact that there is a modern style a little more than a century, it is so recognizable shapes and color combinations, as well as the most prominent representatives of classic styles, thanks to its unusual structure.
Fundamentals of Creating of Modern Style
What really determines the quality of the Art Nouveau style is the absence of direct and clear lines. Smooth and curved shapes that are close to natural with off-center of symmetry, which emphasizes by floral ornament. To shape the fascinating elegance, main decorative material are the colored glass and porcelain. Hard contrast to fable-natural explanation is created by means of coarse material such as metal. Uncommon mixture of primitive forms without geometric rigor and modern materials, determining the technological age, gives practical freedom for creative ideas. Combining the materials may be in any proportion, making dominant as metal and glass, wood or stone. The invention of soft lines and shapes in the interior limited exclusively to architectural and technical requirements of the room. Classic style interior are aimed at creating an atmosphere and aesthetics. Modern stylistic methods for decoration, to a greater extent, aimed at creating the most functional and modern, technically equipped rooms. Born on the turn of the century, Art Nouveau successfully combines both aesthetic and functional qualities. Playing with blurred shapes assigns a special role to fantastic motives. The complexity in creating the interior in modern style is to maintain integrity. From the point of view of modern decoration it is the most difficult style of interior, which requires of non-standard approach in production that blends into the rigid rules of interior design standards in general. A list of the characteristics of the style:
- Smooth lines, without saving symmetry.
- Natural (plant) motifs.
- Strict harmony of all, even the smallest, design elements.
- The use of coarse materials: wood, metal and glass.
Art Nouveau is suitable when…
Just as different styles of clothing can favorably present the advantages and disadvantages of a human figure, the styles of interior positioning the space of your home. Interior decoration in the Art Nouveau style will require a spacious area as excessive decoration takes up space. The obvious advantages of style are: range of bright colors that can visually enlarge the space, as well as rationality in the arrangement of objects of decoration and furniture, what does not compensate the shortcomings area. Apartment with non-standard layout is a good basis to create an interior unencumbered with rigor of form. With the means of interior in Modern style it can be beneficial to reveal the shortcomings of planning, irregular shapes of rooms, irregularities in the plane of the wall, ceiling or floor. Stylistic trend of the interior suitable for supporters of the classic styles that are open to experimentation, fantasy and modernity in all its unpredictable manifestations.
Feature of the Art Nouveau style is a combination of different types of material, both natural and artificial origin. Fine way of soft lines maximizes harmony between the nature and human spontaneity of man-made.
Wood is one of the basic materials to recreate classic interior which meets the essential requirements of Art Nouveau architecture. It can be used not only as a floor covering, but also as a main decorative material. Because finished wood has a color gamut which possibly satisfy the requirements of this type of interior, so in process of decoration you make use of all types of wood of varying degrees of processing. Dark wood is used in large quantities in the interior with light colors, mostly ash and cool colors, giving the overall picture of the interior contrast and expressiveness. In smaller quantities it used in the form of frames and decoration, wood of dark shades used in combination with the active color palette to increase one exact color. Light wood imparts softness and comfort to any interior, especially the room, stylized on the basics of modernism. This type of wood is well suited for large objects, such as the headboard, rails or floor covering. The hardest part of the interior design of this type is the preservation of the integrity between all objects coatings, linings and decor. To avoid destructive imbalance choose only one type of wood material for all kinds of work with full compliance of textures and colors.
Glass in Art Nouveau has several functions. First of all, with means of this material, we add contrasting with the overall color scheme basic elements. Colored mosaic patterns on the windows provide additional diffused light that fills the interior is decorated in dull colors with colored highlights. The second feature of this material related to the history of style. Modernism is the first stylistic movement, which began extensive use of such material as glass for decorative purposes. Application materials can be so diverse as varied is the style of Art Nouveau itself. Glass tables, partitions, doors and any decorative elements, up to paintings can define the style of Modernism.
The metal used in Modernism as a mandatory supplement. An excessive amount of metal surfaces, even made in the traditional forms of modernism, can change stylistic vector, gives excessive modernity to the interior. However, don`t refuse this material. Metal decoration defines a clear shift from strict classics to the modern. Material used solely for decorative purposes. Forged items, repeating floral motifs, wood and glass give a complete, holistic view. Metal color is determined by the main (background) color of the interior. Metal (silver) color is used for harmonious combination of sand and beige background color with dark wood. Melchior will add sophistication to cold colors, as well as fully complement the bright, peculiar to modernity, mosaic glass. Dark metal is used for contrast enhancement. Thin metal bends on the ash-blue, pale green or lavender background create a fabulous effect, unnatural and fascinating combinations, which is enhanced by not using a large decoration in dark wood.
Textiles is supplementing material that is used in very limited quantities and strictly by purpose. Curtains, upholstery for furniture and small accessories such as cushions and embroidery. Heavy and expensive fabric for curtains that complement the interior design in a modern style, as a rule, a simple geometric shape, clearly chosen to match the color of the walls. In rare cases, the blinds can take on the role of color accents, but this is beyond the chapels classic Art Nouveau design. Cushions & Upholstery rarely acts as an active element of color. Fabric color complement and balance color of the furniture. If there are not enough bends, pecualiar modernist forms in the interior, you can use a cloth with patterns of flora and fauna, made in the form of thin single-color lines without sharp, colorful subjects.
According to the experience of the designers, color determines the atmosphere in the room. To create the interior in modern style used in almost all the colors. The emphasis is given to the shades, which should be soft and whitened, as though they sprinkled with ashes. This color effect demonstrates rhythm, calm, inherent to soft interior in modern home design. Choice of color is divided into three stages:
- Determination of the background (dominant) color.
- Release of the active color decoration.
- Addition of color textures to fix the style.
The main background color sets the trend throughout the interior, because under it chooses another, complementary and active color. It is important to bear in mind that in the Art Nouveau color dominance is given exclusively to active elements of decor, more efficient allocation of which requires maximum bleached background. Also, light background colors perform regular requirement of style – a visual increase of space. The colors are more often used for basic interior design at Art Nouveau: sand, yellow peach, white Navajo, linen, cream, lemon cream, aquamarine-white, pale cornflower. A simple combination of expressive color with white or peach meets the requirements to the background. Nouveau is a game of shades that emphasizes the softness of lines. Do not overload the white background cool shades because it is more typical of high-tech style. The softer and warmer shade will be, the easier it will fit colored glass elements, dark wood and wrought metal accessories.
Active color elements
The easiest way to blend well with the light background color active elements is to use only one color. Shades of color can not conflict with each other. If lemon-cream color was used for background , the role of the active color will be the sunny yellow. The location of these objects can be strict, according to the rules of minimalism: diagonally arranged two large object between which two or three small (same color). You can also use the position of objects on the principles of classical style: background color gradation from light to bright shade as much as possible, by means of which segregates one of the zones. There is no specific canons which constitute a color palette for the interior in modern style. If you focus on deepening the classical basis of style, then it will help to emphasize blue-gray, tobacco and brown-burgundy color. To create an extraordinary atmosphere, use the darkest and the most colorful shade of one (background) color. Due to the absence of boundaries and the main lines of the space, you can experiment with the location of the color elements. However, it should be remembered that color is used primarily for what to emphasize non-standard line, as well as more vivid texture.
Additional color texture
In the classic version of Art Nouveau used soft peach background color, and wood or mottled color mosaic with soft sleek as an active element. Additional color textures are necessary in order to emphasize that the role of the material in the interior. Accent on the use of glass, metal or wood is decisive in the style of Art Nouveau. Additional color texture should be maximally expressive, finishing color of the background and active color elements. If the overall background color and color of the active element are close to the natural shade, so a light wood, nickel silver, mosaics on the windows of the bright round (oval, shapeless) colored glass pieces can be used as the final shade. When the background color has been used far from natural origin, the additional color texture should be cold and dark: dark wood, steel (steel-gray metal), china. This will add to the character of the interior field, which will strengthen the colors.
Lighting in any room plays a big role, especially when it comes to modern interior. Important type of lighting fixtures, decorative and their compatibility with the overall style, as well as the location of the light sources in the room.
To create a full-fledged style, you must install two types of lighting – functional and decorative. Decorative lighting is necessary to isolate one or more parts of the room decor, to give emphasis and refocusing attention from one object to another. With decorative lighting you can correct errors in the interior, increasing the emphasis on the active color elements and parts of the decor. Functional lighting has its subspecies, which define the requirements and purpose. Depending on the purpose of functional lighting can be:
- The main. Wall and floor lamps, lamps chiseled with purpose of lighting the room due to the reflection of light from surfaces of the room.
- Background. Ceiling subdued ambient light to illuminate the entire area. The main objective of ambient light is to eliminate blackout in the far corners casted by protruding objects.
- Objective. Lighting devices, which are installed to illuminate one functional area using narrowly focused beams.
Peculiar properties of the color gammas and a large number of objects with high textural, surround speakers and forms that are used to create a radical modernist, require well-placed lighting. Scale and decorative surface-lightweight performance of Art Nouveau interior requires not less work with the lighting to create a complete picture. On the basis of rules set three light sources. The first type of lighting: mainly installed on the ceiling in the center of the room. The second: the main, located just above eye level on the perimeter. The third: the background is set below the knee to illuminate dark corners. As an additional decorative lighting can be made in the wall of the layout window, made in the Art Nouveau style, which is set for the indirect lighting of warm sunny colors for color elimination.
The style of lighting
Decorating of lighting in Art Nouveau immediately stands out from the total number of chandeliers, lamps and sconces. As a rule, they have intricate shape and combine metal structures, fine porcelain, wood, colored mottled glass and other characteristic features of the style. Intricate shape with asymmetrical lines, not bereft of elegance defines the lighting of all kinds, in the style of Art Nouveau. When you create an interior light fixtures are relevant with metal or wooden base with drip fragile glass (glass with air bubbles inside). It is extremely important that the base of floor lamp, whether metal or wooden, should suit best for color and texture of the material used in the interior. Lighting used for the target table lamps with custom bends with a large shapeless or elliptical canopy. Table lamp can act as an accessory if it is made of bright glass, suitable in color and tone to the overall decor. For general lighting suitable graceful candelabra with wicker winding patterns.
Art Nouveau furniture
Furniture style tradition as much as possible fit into the overall dynamics of modernity, which was created by the contradictions of forms and materials, the most distant from the existing rules at the time. Modern furniture encompasses a number of qualities: functionality and compactness, complemented by massive objects to create a textured image.
Peculiar style materials are widely used in furniture manufacturing. The main material is wood, decorated textiles, glass, and (thanks to modern trends) plastic. To create a radical interior, fully consistent with the style of Art Nouveau, it is unique furnishings designed individually required. The basics of creating modern furniture identify trends and classic minimalist style together. Furniture design provides an optical illusion: heavy curly countertops outstretched thin legs; stretched up cabinets with carved wide doors.
To furnish rooms decorated in this style only the necessary furniture is used. According to the principle of minimalism, only the furniture that has a functional purpose in the room is selected. Furniture arrangement complies with the most exquisite classical styles: furnishes only center of the room, leaving a maximum of space at the walls.
Wood is most suitable for the style, but it is necessary to take into account a number of mandatory rules. Firstly, the color and texture of the tree of which the furniture is made, should be repeated shade of other wooden elements. Just remember that in the classical style design any furniture is sleek natural forms with asymmetrical pattern. The easiest way is to choose furniture close to a classic style with bizarre shapes. Modern is very flexible style, which leads to experiment. Wooden furniture can have a shape that is closer to the style of minimalism. In such a case a very expressive decor is required, ornate colorful patterns or decorating with glass. Furniture often used as part of color harmony. In this case, the main large furniture picks up in tone to the background color, and balances by its colorful contrast with little furnishing elements and corresponds to the bright color of the interior.
Upholstered furniture in the Art Nouveau style is used in the minimum amount and only with the purpose. Ornamental plant forms, inherent to stylistic trend, should be maximally keeped. With this in mind, for interior decoration usually used a minimum of upholstery furniture with fabrics and wooden surface is dominant . Since furniture is not part of the style, but has a functional purpose in the room and it is impossible to abandon, it must be camouflaged, entering into the overall color scheme. Color textiles is selecting by the background soft shades. If in general interior is not enough soft textile lines of the furniture, it can be decorated with plain winding pattern motifs of flora and fauna. In the surface-lightweight design of the interior in modern style, you can use a standardized upholstered furniture with with simple geometric shapes, rough upholstery, as well as muted shades merging with the overall decor.